Deep-Sea Biology and Deep sea Mining

Deep sea biology and deep sea mining

Deep sea biology includes study all types of sea creatures, everything from whales to the plankton. The deep sea or deep layer is the lowest layer in the ocean, existing below the thermocline and above the seabed, at a depth of 1800m or more where Little or no light penetrates, hence photosynthesis is not possible therefore, plants cannot live in this zone and most of the organisms living in this region depends on falling organic matter produced in the photic zone, sinking organic material is composed of algal particulates, detritus, and other forms of biological waste, which is collectively referred to as marine snow.

Deep Sea Mining:

Replenishment of mineral from the ocean floor is called as deep sea mining. The hydrothermal vents create globular or massive sulphide deposits, which contain valuable metals such as silver, gold, copper, manganese, cobalt, and zinc. To take ore to surface in large scale operations they are mined using either Hydraulic-suction pumps or Continuous-line bucket system. Recent technological advancements have given rise to the use remotely operated vehicles to collect mineral samples from destined mine sites

 

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